Apa kata: Pendidikan pra-university = Pre-university education

“Pendidikan pra-university: untuk apa dan untuk siapa?”
= “What (and whom) is pre-university education for?”

Berikut ialah beberapa komen tentang siaran kami pada minggu lepas, berserta dengan petikan menarik daripada siaran asal. Here are some comments from readers about our post last week, as well as some quotes from last week’s contributors.

(Untuk komen penuh, layari post asal dan Facebook note asal. For the full comments, visit the original post and original Facebook note.)


Daripada Esther Sinirisan Chong, yang menulis dalam post Pengenalan:

… Sebagai seorang budak kampung dari Sabah (negeri yang termiskin di Malaysia) dan bekas pelajar sekolah menengah di sekolah bantuan kerajaan, STPM dan Matrikulasi merupakan program pra-u yang mampu ‘dimimpikan’.

Terutamanya program matrikulasi kerana ia merupakan pra-u yang dapat menjamin peluang kemasukan Universiti sama ada dalam atau luar negara dan kemungkinan ditawarkan ke kursus pilihan pertama di universiti awam adalah tinggi. Di samping itu, elaun bulanan diberikan sepanjang tempoh pengajian. Bagi pelajar daripada golongan B40, ini merupakan salah satu peluang yang terbaik untuk mereka. …

From Jun Wu, commenting on the Dialog Pendidikan website:

I practiced papers from A Levels, STPM and matriculation, and I found that A Levels was more open and pushed your critical thinking. STPM has rigour in terms of questions’ difficulty in terms of technicality, matriculation is sort of in between the two.

From Shashi, on the Dialog Pendidikan website:

My friends who went through matriculation struggled academically to adapt compared to myself and friends who went through STPM. My lecturers also prefer STPM students compared to matriculation students. However, matriculation students adapt better to university life in terms of being away from home.

Daripada Pravindharan Balakrishnan, yang menulis dalam post Pengenalan:

… pada 2019, masyarakat India merasa dianayai kerana jumlah pengambilan pelajar India untuk program matrikulasi adalah sekitar 700 sahaja, kurang daripada 2,200 tempat yang ditawarkan pada tahun sebelumnya. Sekali lagi HINDRAF bangkit, kali ini bersama badan NGO lain seperti Malaysian Association of Indian University Graduates (MAIUG). Mereka menuntut peruntukan tempat matrikulasi yang berpatutan. Akhirnya, kerajaan menambahkan penempatan matrikulasi daripada 25,000 kepada 40,000, tetapi nisbah 90:10 untuk pengambilan Bumiputera: bukan Bumiputera tidak diubah.

Jadi, persoalan yang perlu dijawab ialah, patutkah kemasukan ke program pra-universiti seperti matrikulasi ditentukan berdasarkan merit? Soalan ini memang rumit dan terdapat pelbagai sudut pandangan yang sah. …

From Tiong Ngee Derk, writing in the Pengenalan post:

… Based on my experience working with schoolteachers and IPTA students, my hunch is that university enrolments may have been too aggressively expanded without a commensurate focus on what’s going on in schools before pre-U, and at the detriment of the legitimate pursuit of non-university pathways to careers (e.g. TVET, Polytechnics).

Moreover, I suspect a serious mismatch between the skills assessed at SPM-level (favouring test-taking, memorisation, conformity etc.) versus the dispositions and higher-order skills which are the domain of universities (like independent thought, academic research, critical engagement in scholarly discourse, etc.). …


So, apa kata? Do you agree or disagree with any of the other readers — and why? Kongsi pendapat anda di bawah (nama, e-mel, dan website tidak wajib), and please remember to follow our comments policy. For more comments, layari Facebook page kami.

Look out next week for a new post featuring an interview tentang topik bulan ini. Thank you!

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