Apa kata: Mendidik bakal pengundi = Educating voters-to-be

“Apakah yang dapat dilakukan di sekolah untuk membangunkan pengundi yang bertanggungjawab?”
= “How can schools contribute to the development of responsible voters?”

Berikut ialah beberapa petikan daripada rencana yang berkaitan dengan persoalan kami pada bulan ini. Here are some quotes from articles that are related to our topic this month.


Daripada Menteri Pendidikan YB Dr Maszlee Malik, dalam Facebook post, 9 Ogos 2019:

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM) sentiasa mendukung penuh setiap usaha yang digerakkan oleh SPR khasnya untuk menyemai kesedaran demokrasi dalam kalangan anak-anak di sekolah dan mahasiswa di universiti.

Kerjasama erat seperti ini amat bermakna dalam usaha kita membangunkan generasi akan datang yang memiliki kefahaman mendalam terhadap sistem demokrasi di negara yang kita cintai ini.


From Sarah McGrew, Teresa Ortega, Joel Breakstone, Sam Wineburg, from the Stanford History Education Group, in the article “Civic Reasoning in a Social Media Environment”:

… Below, we describe some of the most powerful strategies employed by fact checkers and how educators can adapt them to help our students become savvy web users. …

  1. Teach students to read laterally. …
  2. Help students make smarter selections from search results. …
  3. Teach students to use Wikipedia wisely. …

The web is a sophisticated place, and all of us are susceptible to being taken in. Like hikers using a compass to make their way through the wilderness, we need a few powerful and flexible strategies for getting our bearings, gaining a sense of where we’ve landed, and deciding how to move forward through treacherous online terrain….

Read the full article here.


Daripada Hariz Mohd, Malaysiakini, dalam artikel “Pelajar sekolah Islam dan Cina ‘jelajah Kuala Lumpur’”, 29 Jun 2019:

… Di Kuala Lumpur, sekumpulan pelancong mula mengunjungi beberapa rumah ibadat seperti Masjid Jamek, Kuil Hindu Sri Mahamariamman, dan Kuil Guan Ti.

Suasana tenang sehinggalah kira-kira 100 pelajar tiba di kawasan itu. Mereka terdiri daripada pelajar menengah beberapa sekolah Cina persendirian dan sekolah agama Islam di Lembah Klang.

Mereka dibahagikan kepada beberapa kumpulan. Berpandukan peta, mereka mula berjalan di sekitar masjid dan kuil dengan satu tujuan – mempelajari kepelbagaian agama dan budaya di Malaysia.

Mereka adalah peserta program ‘Jelajah KL Lama’ anjuran Persatuan Gabungan Jawatankuasa Sekolah Cina (Dong Zong) dan Ikram Musleh, sebuah institusi pendidikan Islam.

“Kami mahu pelajar berkomunikasi antara satu sama lain dengan melakukan tugasan bersama (dalam program ini).” …

Bacalah artikel penuh di sini (English version).


From Karen Detlefsen, professor of philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, in the article “Pint-sized philosphers”, about a programme in which Detlefsen and some university students teach primary school students how to discuss philosophy and ethics:

… “For me, this is really a project of social justice, educational justice. I’m always amazed by how effectively teachers manage to motivate and connect with their students despite the sometimes-inordinate amount of time needed to help students pass a standardized test. I’m inspired by these teachers, and it has encouraged me with this project. Young people love talking through philosophical topics,” she says. “It exercises their minds, but it also gives them ways of figuring out how to live.”

Read the full article here.


Daripada Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia dan Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya, dalam kenyataan media pada 9 Ogos 2019:

Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (SPR), YBrs. Tuan Azhar Azizan Harun telah mengadakan kunjungan hormat kepada YB. Dr. Maszlee bin Malik, Menteri Pendidikan pada 8 Ogos 2019. Semasa kunjungan tersebut, kedua-dua pihak telah membincangkan penurunan had umur mengundi kepada 18 tahun, pelaksanaan program pendidikan pengundi dan silibus pembelajaran di peringkat sekolah dan universiti. …

Akademi Pilihan Raya (APR) telah mula menjalankan Program Pendidikan Pengundi pada tahun 2017. … Sehingga 31 Julai 2019, sebanyak 70 program telah dijalankan dengan penyertaan seramai 33,814 orang mahasiswa/pelajar.

Bermula pada tahun 2019, APR telah menjalinkan kerjasama strategik bersama Kelab Malaysiaku (Jabatan Penerangan Malaysia) dan Maktab Rendah Sains Mara (MRSM) bagi menganjurkan Program Pendidikan Sivik di kalangan pelajar sekolah. Sehingga 31 Julai 2019, sebanyak 109 program telah dijalankan dengan penyertaan seramai 25,489 orang pelajar sekolah.

Untuk butiran lanjut tentang usahasama KPM dan SPR, bacalah kenyataan media di sini.


From Renat Kuenzi, SWI swissinfo.ch, in the article “Teaching students how to live democratically”:

It was quite a shock when Swiss students performed badly in the 1999 International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS). Not in physics or biology, but in political education. …

For a country that prides itself on being the world champion in direct democracy – in no other country can citizens vote so often – this was a wake-up call.

As a result of the ICCS finding, Switzerland rebooted its political education curriculum …

So which political skills are we talking about exactly? In the civic education classes of the 1970s it was all about teaching people how to fulfil their civic duty, i.e. going to vote. Political education for the current generation is broader and aims to lead to political participation, including in civil society. To this end, Waldis says students should acquire not only basic knowledge but also the ability to make judgements. This means learning how to read political information, critical analysis and an increasingly independent stance on political issues. …

“Political education gives young people the skills to take their own decisions and form their own opinions on political issues. This can result in one young person striking for the climate and another deciding not to,” Waldis says. …

Read the full article here.


So, apa kata? Do you agree or disagree with any of these strategies and programs — and why? Kongsi pendapat anda di bawah (nama, e-mel, dan website tidak wajib), and please remember to follow our comments policy. For more comments, layari Facebook page kami.

Look out next week for a new post featuring an interview tentang topik bulan ini. Thank you!

 

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