Pengenalan: Cara mendisiplinkan pelajar = How to discipline students

“Apakah cara yang terbaik untuk mendisiplinkan pelajar?”

= “How should teachers discipline their students?”

Sudah menjadi kebiasaan untuk mendengar khabar tentang kes disiplin di mana ibu bapa tidak bersetuju dengan cara yang digunakan oleh guru untuk mendisiplinkan anak mereka. Antara kejadian terkini ialah insiden merotan di Johor yang diviralkan di media sosial dan kemudiannya diselesaikan. Pada bulan ini, Dialog Pendidikan menumpukan perhatian kepada tajuk ini: Apakah cara yang terbaik untuk mendisiplinkan pelajar? Untuk memulakan perbincangan, kami menjalankan group chat tentang topik ini di WhatsApp dengan empat orang guru dan bekas guru.

= It is no longer surprising to see news headlines about parents disagreeing with how teachers disciplined their children. Among the most recent cases was a caning incident in Johor, which was made viral over social media and later settled in a face-to-face meeting. This month, Dialog Pendidikan is focusing attention on this topic: How should teachers discipline their students? To start the discussion, we ran a group chat on this topic with four teachers and ex-teachers on WhatsApp.


Dialog Pendidikan:

Hi, everyone! Untuk bulan September, topik perbincangan kita di Dialog Pendidikan ialah: “Apakah cara yang terbaik untuk mendisiplinkan pelajar?” Or, “How should teachers discipline their students?

Can one of you share a story about an experience with disciplining a student? Maybe ceritakan sesuatu pengalaman di mana kamu memilih jalan yang kurang bermanfaat untuk mendisiplinkan seseorang pelajar? Apakah yang kamu pelajari daripada pengalaman tersebut?

Hui Ling:

What is jalan kurang manfaat?

Sila huraikan cik puan

hahaha

Dialog Pendidikan:

Maksud saya ialah the wrong choice — iaitu kamu ambil tindakan yang kemudiannya dikesali.

Sama ada kerana mendatangkan kesan negatif terhadap pelajar berkenaan, ataupun kamu berasa menyesal di dalam hati tanpa diketahui oleh sesiapa.

Maryam:

Saya pernah menyuruh pelajar yang tidak menyiapkan kerja sekolah ‘berarak’ di luar kelas. Pada fikiran saya, hal ini mungkin akan menyebabkan mereka malu dan tidak mengulangi kesilapan mereka. Namun, terdapat beberapa pelajar yang tidak dapat menerima hukuman tersebut dan tidak lagi mempunyai hubungan baik dengan saya selepas hukuman tersebut dijalankan.

Pengajaran yang saya pelajari daripada tindakan ini ialah pelajar sekolah amat mementingkan maruah mereka dan jika maruah mereka tercalar, mereka merasa sedih atau kecewa. Oleh itu, saya perlu memastikan tindakan yang saya ambil tidak dijalankan di khalayak dan tidak menjatuhkan maruah mereka.

Andy:

When I think about what is the best way or method for disciplining, I don’t think there is one best method in the world.

When administering a method, a teacher should bear in mind that at the end of the day the students must understand the reason for the disciplinary consequence and reflect on their actions. The fallacy of caning is that it is often done out of anger and revenge, which are not the end goal of a disciplinary case. We want students to admit their mistakes, reflect on their actions and chart a course of action for the future. This goes the same way with other methods too. A timeout would just be a vacation in the classroom corner if the student fails to notice their mistake and improve themselves.

I would also encourage teachers to be creative in choosing the consequence. In some classes the cane is like receiving an honorary award. They receive it with pride and brag about it to their friends as a sign of masculinity. For them, leaving 5 mins later after the school bell rings is enough to break them and change their attitude. It could be just merely having them stay back in class to eat and finish their work during recess.

I also employ democracy in the consequences. One class I taught had to write down the consequence they would like to receive (with guidance and limits of course). So for one year, they willingly did duck-walks around the classroom if they ever failed to do their work.

In a nutshell:

  1. Students cannot be disciplined if they have never been forewarned. I don’t discipline a student if it is the first time something has happened and never been discussed. For example, passing notes in class might be distracting, but I have to discuss it with them before giving a consequence.
  2. Students need to admit their wrong verbally and respectfully .
  3. There needs to be a follow-through and students need to know that their teacher cares for them. I often end with a pat on the back and say “I forgive you”. After that, don’t hang their sins for display in class and consistently berate them or tease them.

Maryam:

Pada pendapat saya, cara terbaik untuk mendisiplinkan pelajar bermasalah mesti bermula dengan memahami sebab di sebalik tindakan buruk pelajar tersebut. Guru disiplin perlu bertemu dengan pelajar tersebut dan menyiasat latar belakangnya dan sebab di sebalik tindakannya. Setelah itu, guru perlu menggunakan pertimbangan yang rasional untuk mengenakan tindakan disiplin yang sewajarnya. Proses kaunseling perlu dijalankan seiring dengan tindakan disiplin yang dikenakan bagi mendapatkan hasil yang terbaik dan agar pelajar tidak mengulangi kesalahannya.

Sebagai bekas guru disiplin, saya telah menggunakan kaedah ini dan keberkesanannya terbukti. Pelajar yang bermasalah lebih mudah didekati dan mahu mendengar nasihat dan tunjuk ajar yang diberikan. Mereka tidak mudah terjebak kembali melakukan kesalahan disiplin. Selain itu, guru juga perlu berkomunikasi dengan ibu bapa atau penjaga pelajar bermasalah untuk memahami latar belakang keluarganya dan seterusnya bekerjasama membimbing pelajar tersebut.

Semua guru terutamanya guru disiplin perlu mempraktikkan kemahiran mendengar dan komunikasi yang baik dengan pelajar-pelajar mereka agar mereka dapat menyelami dan memahami perasaan dan sebab di sebalik tindak tanduk pelajar-pelajar mereka. Dengan itu, mereka dapat membuat pertimbangan wajar dalam berhadapan dengan pelajar bermasalah.

Dialog Pendidikan:

Thanks so much, Maryam and Andy! Nud dan Hui Ling, adakah kamu bersetuju dengan nasihat mereka? Bagaimana dengan pengalaman kamu?

Hui Ling:

I don’t know about best method but in my class I tried to practice two things 1. Consistency 2. Choice

I practice consistency in two ways

  1. A) a wrongdoing ALWAYS begets disciplinary consequences. It is important that I mean what I say when X behavior is not tolerated in my class. I run a relatively “lax” classroom where I permit many things, eating, chatting (when I am not talking) etc so I don’t want them to confuse my relaxed style for total lawlessness ala cowboy town haha
  2. B) the other way I practice consistency is I try to mirror my punishments with that of the “real” world when they become adults

If an adult commits a crime the common punishment is a) jail b) summon/bail c) whipping (in our case in school caning)

I tell my students that these punishments mirrors the consequences that criminals face

And then I give them a CHOICE on which they would like

Much like the adult world, sometimes criminals are offered a choice between paying a fine or going to jail

In my classroom they may pay a fine, go to “jail” (discipline masters room) or possibly caning if discipline master sees fit

I believe that the main aim of discipline is rehabilitation from wrong behaviour

The problem (I believe) is disproportionate focus on punishment/consequence and not rehabilitation towards better behavior AFTER punishment

Students (and people in general hehe) knows what is wrong and they’ve come to know the consequence if caught but they don’t know why it is wrong and why they shouldn’t do it (apart from not getting punished) or how to make better decisions the next time

We see this problem in the way that prisons are run (I believe). Too much punishment without rehabilitation = repeat offenders

Andy:

True! I believe there is a YouTube video on that

Maryam:

Ya, saya setuju. Hukuman dan proses pemulihan perlu berjalan seiring.

Nud:

Perkataan “spesifik” sepatutnya ditambah kepada pengakhiran soalan “Apakah cara yang terbaik untuk mendisiplinkan pelajar?” kerana penyelesaian kepada masalah disiplin tidak boleh diaplikasikan secara pukul rata. Setiap pelajar itu berbeza dan jalan penyelesaian terhadap masalah disiplin perlu disesuaikan menurut pelajar

Dialog Pendidikan:

Betul tu. Sebagai provokasi, adakah sesiapa dalam chat ini pernah menggunakan rotan atau apa-apa hukuman fizikal untuk pelajar tertentu? Jika ya, mengapa?

Hui Ling:

Never used physical violence. Don’t really believe in it, I think there are other ways to punish and rehabilate which would be better in the long run

Although short term, I can see how physical punishment would yield results a lot faster

Nud:

Saya pernah menggunakan rotan, tapi sebagai jalan terakhir atau “last resort” apabila pelajar tidak memberi respons yang baik kepada amaran lain. Apabila mengajar pelajar-pelajar yang tidak mahu mendengar cakap secara berterusan, dan tidak mengendahkan arahan saya untuk duduk diam ketika pengajaran (daripada pengalaman ini kerap berlaku di kelas “belakang”) maka saya akan menggunakan rotan

Andy:

I have used the cane before as well as push-ups, ketuk ketampi or standing in class.

To me, that helps curbs and prevents further misbehaviour only for certain classes and season of that time. Too extreme, and it will create a negative environment in the class. Use it “sparingly” and only when it matters. To me, I find that caning is scarier for younger forms. The mere mention is enough to “scare” them into shape. But in upper forms, they are no longer fearful and other tactics might need to be employed.

Of course, one might say can’t I do without caning in the younger forms? Yes, but it is tricky because they are not able to rationalize their actions well yet. It might seem like a cop out (which may or may not be true), but I think caning is common in primary schools and it is a familiar system to them.

Can I do away with the cane? Certainly, as long there are really good follow-throughs. When the government released the list of “don’t”s for disciplining, it did not release a list of “do”s (correct me if I’m wrong). Schools are discouraged heavily from expelling students, and even if they are, they are allowed to register in another school. I like the demerit system but it’s useless when there is no true consequence.

Dialog Pendidikan:

Thanks, Andy. A question for you and for everyone else: what would you say to a parent who disagreed with how you disciplined their child?

Maryam:

Saya tidak pernah berhadapan dengan situasi di mana ibu bapa mempersoalkan tindakan disiplin yang saya ambil terhadap anak mereka. Yang membimbangkan saya, terdapat kes-kes terpencil di mana ibu bapa tidak mahu mendengar masalah anak mereka di sekolah dan memaklumkan pada saya bahawa mereka sibuk dan tidak ada masa untuk berbincang tentang anak mereka.

Hal ini menyukarkan proses pemulihan bagi pelajar tersebut kerana tiada penglibatan dan sokongan daripada pihak ibubapa terhadap masalah dan hal ehwal pelajar tersebut.

Hui Ling:

I think if a parent disagrees, I approach it as I would any conflict resolution

  1. Try to understand why they feel that way
  2. Try to share why I behave that way
  3. See if we can meet on middle ground
  4. Agree to disagree
  5. Apologise and make amendments if necessary

Parents rarely disagree with my “discipline” haha. If they do, they do not say it to my face.

Dialog Pendidikan:

Terima kasih atas pendapat kamu, semua. 🙂


Jadi, apakah cara yang terbaik untuk mendisiplinkan pelajar? Kongsi pendapat anda di bawah (nama, e-mel, dan website tidak wajib), mengikut polisi komen kami. Pada hujung bulan ini, kami akan memetik beberapa komen yang menarik ke dalam post Synopsis.

Minggu depan, kami akan memetik daripada beberapa rencana yang berkaitan dengan cara mendisiplinkan pelajar dalam post Apa Kata. Sementara itu, komen daripada pembaca lain juga terdapat di Facebook page kami. Terima kasih!

= So, how should teachers discipline their students? Share your thoughts below, and please remember to follow our comments policy. (You do not need to include your name, email, and website in order to comment.) At the end of the month, we will feature some of the most interesting comments in our Synopsis post.

Next week, we will share some quotes from a few articles related to student discipline. In the meantime, you can also read more comments from other readers on our Facebook page. Thank you!

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