“Apakah cara yang terbaik untuk mendisiplinkan pelajar?”
= “How should teachers discipline their students?”
Berikut ialah beberapa petikan daripada rencana yang berkaitan dengan persoalan kami pada bulan ini.
= Here are some quotes from articles that are related to our topic this month.
Daripada Datuk Abdul Rafie bin Mahat, Ketua Pengarah Pendidikan Malaysia dalam “Surat Pekeliling Ikhtisas Bil. 07/2003: Kuasa Guru Merotan Murid”:
… 3. Dalam melaksanakan hukuman rotan, pengetua atau guru besar dan guru-guru yang diberikan kuasa hendaklah sentiasa menyedari bahawa merotan adalah sebahagian daripada proses pendidikan. Tindakan yang dikenakan mestilah difahami sebagai alat untuk mendisiplinkan dan bukan sebagai alat yang akan merosakkan fizikal dan mental murid. Guru-guru yang merotan murid bukan berdasarkan rasa marah dan dendam tetapi untuk memberi pengajaran bahawa setiap kesalahan ada hukumannya. Dalam konteks sekolah, merotan hanya sebagai sebahagian daripada proses mendidik terutamanya kepada mereka yang tidak berdisiplin.
“4. Hukuman rotan di khalayak sama ada di perhimpunan atau di bilik-bilik yang sedang berlangsung proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran adalah dilarang. Tindakan sedemikian akan menjatuhkan maruah serta menimbulkan kesan negatif yang lebih besar terhadap perkembangan keperibadian seorang murid.
Untuk surat pekeliling penuh, termasuk jenis kesalahan disiplin dan hukuman yang boleh dikenakan mengikut jenis kesalahan, klik di sini.
From New Jo-Lyn, Cilisos, in “Why are so many Malaysian parents slapping/suing/scolding school teachers nowadays?”, 4 January 2018:
… In the good old days (definition up for debate), teachers were practically invincible in school. Students had to respect them, some even feared them (except the more gangster kids mebbe). Corporal punishment was the norm and anything in the classroom could be used as tools to punish kids.. feather duster, ruler, books, chalk, blackboard duster. Don’t even get us started on the school Robocop (read: guru disiplin)! …
… But now the tables have turned it seems. Today Online wrote about how some parents have turned into bullies as Malaysian schools adopt the ‘gentle’ approach. While corporal punishment is still permitted, the Education Ministry will not condone student abuse, as they have clear guidelines on how to implement punishment. Where it was ok to have public caning 20 years ago, the rotan is only wielded today in a private setting, guided by stringent regulations. …
Read the full article here.
Untuk versi BM, klik di sini.
From from Hemananthani Sivanandam and Mei Mei Chu, The Star, in “Yes! It’s all right to rotan the kids”, 7 July 2019:
A survey by international agency YouGov found that these Malaysian parents certainly do not spare the rod, so to speak.
In fact, some of them also believe that physical punishment should be allowed in schools.
The findings, which was just released, polled 619 parents who stated that physical punishment was necessary in cases of stealing (63%), bullying (54%) and violence (51%).
… The YouGov survey found that 47% out of the 619 Malaysian parents agreed that physical punishment should be allowed in school, but one in five (20%) believe that it shouldn’t. The rest were undecided on the issue. …
Read the full article here.
From Kirrily Pells (Policy Officer, Young Lives Study, University of Oxford) in the article “Corporal punishment of children linked to lower school grades”, 20 November 2015:
… In new research conducted by the Young Lives study at the University of Oxford using longitudinal data from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam, we found that children who experienced corporal punishment performed worse in maths, four years later. The research was part of UNICEF’s Multi Country Study on the Drivers of Violence Affecting Children. …
Read the full article here.
For more articles about school discipline written by researchers, visit this page.
Akhir sekali, here is a reminder that the students and teachers involved in classroom discipline are all real people with real struggles.
From Muhammad Safwan on the Teach For Malaysia blog, in “Classroom Stories: Hilang Sabar”, 26 March 2014:
2C is one of my most challenging classes. More than half the class of 38 students are aspiring boys. The class is well-populated with students who tend to be loud, disrespectful, sleepy and disruptive.
Today, I sat on a chair marking Sejarah papers. Alhamdulillah most of the students managed to score up to Band 2, some achieved Band 3 and a couple of them accomplished up to Band 4! All but one. . Azhar (bukan nama sebenar) completely failed. What’s worse is that he didn’t even try – his tests were mostly blank.He wrote his name and that was it! In class, Azhar was always one of the more disruptive students – one of those who threw paper planes at the girls, who would kick others’ chairs, and one who would always give teachers the pandang-tak-puas-hati look. I had burned the midnight oil working to differentiate my exercise sheets and lesson plans but Azhar hadn’t even put in a little bit of effort. I had to do something!
Me: Azhar, come here! I need to talk to you.
Azhar: Tak boleh lah cikgu, saya nak rehat. Nak makan.
Me: Takpe. Jangan kecoh pasal makan. Saya belanja awak breakfast hari ini. Awak tak perlu makan kat luar kantin. Ikut saya makan di kantin guru. …
Read the rest of the story here.
So, apa kata? Do you agree or disagree with any of these articles, opinions, and guidelines — and why? Kongsi pendapat anda di bawah (nama, e-mel, dan website tidak wajib), and please remember to follow our comments policy. For more comments, layari Facebook page kami.
Look out next week for a new post featuring an interview tentang topik bulan ini. Thank you!