Synopsis: Sekolah swasta = Private schools

“Apakah implikasi perkembangan persekolahan swasta di Malaysia?”

= “What does the growth of private schooling mean for Malaysia?”

Sepanjang bulan November, kita telah menerokai persoalan ini melalui (a) rencana tentang pro dan kontra persekolahan swasta daripada seorang penulis tamu, Tiong Ngee Derk, dalam post Pengenalan, (b) petikan daripada rencana dan komen yang berkaitan dalam post Apa Kata, dan (c) temu bual bersama Jasmine Ong, Ketua Pembelajaran dan Pembangunan di Inspiros International School, dalam post Q&A. Minggu ini, kami menghuraikan perbincangan tentang persekolahan swasta ini.

= Throughout November, we have explored this question through (a) an essay about the pros and cons of private schooling from our guest writer, Tiong Ngee Derk, in our Pengenalan post, (b) a selection of quotes from relevant articles and comments in our Apa Kata post, and (c) an interview with Jasmine Ong, Head of Learning and Development at Inspiros International School, in our Q&A post. This week, we summarise this discussion about private schooling. 


1. Sekolah swasta dapat meningkatkan jumlah pelaburan dalam pendidikan di Malaysia.
= Private schools can raise the amount of resources that are invested in education in Malaysia.

There are several ways to view this. From a national unity standpoint, it could be more divisive. From a resources standpoint, it could increase per capita investment in public education which could potentially increase the quality – assuming it correlates positively.

—Aimy (‏@aimy_lee), in a @twt_pendidikan Twitter thread about private schools, 6 Nov 2019

… Meninjau dari hujah ekonomi, sekolah swasta mengutamakan keuntungan dan strategi pemasaran. Kita dapati jika sekolah swasta tersebut sememangnya berkualiti, pihak ibu bapa tidak sayang untuk melaburkan ringgit mereka, asalkan anak-anak mereka mendapat pendedahan ilmu yang juga berkualiti. Situasi menang-menang tidak merugikan mana-mana pihak selagi apa yang mereka harapkan terdapat di sesebuah sekolah swasta yang dimaksudkan. …

—Salleh Dermawan, dalam komen pada post Pengenalan di laman web kami

2. Salah satu kelebihan sekolah swasta ialah memberikan lebih banyak kuasa kepada ibu bapa untuk mempengaruhi pendidikan anak-anak mereka.
= One advantage of private schools is that they give parents more say over their children’s education.

… A general consensus would show you that the demand [for private schools] is mostly driven/created because parents want alternatives and choices. They would often look at the learning environment of the school and how it can best fit the needs of their child. …  In my experience, the most common reason as to why parents decide to switch to my school revolves around the student’s inability to cope with their existing school system anymore. This may mean academically or even socially. A majority of my students come from highly dense classrooms in the SJKCs with a strong examination culture or some who prefer English as their main medium of study.

—Jasmine Ong, in the Q&A post

… There is a perception (rightly or wrongly) that private schools offer a better quality of education than public ones. … I think some parents feel like even if they can’t say whether the quality is better in one type of school vs the other, at least as a ‘customer’ they can influence the ‘service-provider’ to respond to their feedback. This is a power that they feel they do not have over the public service. I am personally quite critical of the ‘education as market’ paradigm but just trying to explain an underlying logic that may guide some parents’ decision.

—Tiong Ngee Derk, in a comment on the Pengenalan post on our Facebook page

3. Contohnya, sesetengah ibu bapa amat mementingkan penggunaan Bahasa Inggeris atau daya saing dari segi sosioekonomi, dan mereka percaya bahawa ciri-ciri ini lebih diutamakan di sekolah swasta.
= For example, some parents highly value English-medium education or socioeconomic mobility, and they believe that these characteristics have higher priority in private schools.

… Sementara itu, keperluan mempelajari ilmu secara lebih meluas dan lebih mencabar menggunakan bahasa Inggeris juga menjadi agenda penting bagi sesetengah rakyat Malaysia. Mereka ingin mencabar diri mereka di peringkat global. Sekolah swasta adalah jawapannya. Di sekolah swasta yang kebanyakannya menawarkan medium pengantar dalam bahasa Inggeris pasti menjadikan penuntutnya sentiasa bersedia bersaing dengan pelajar di luar negara. …

—Salleh Dermawan, dalam komen pada post Pengenalan di laman web kami

Nota: untuk perbincangan yang lebih lanjut tentang Bahasa Inggeris sebagai bahasa pengantar, rujuklah post kami, “Apakah yang patut kita lakukan berkenaan pendidikan dalam Bahasa Inggeris?”, dari bulan Jun.

…  I’ve met many parents who view private schooling as a way to convert their economic capital into cultural and social capital. A lot of these are relatively working class people who’ve made it big by running businesses, farms or some kinds of industry — and so they have money but do not consider themselves to be of the professional class (and indeed their children’s upbringing do not have the hallmarks of that class, like having lots of books at home, consuming fine art & music, etc.) — but they seem to believe that helping their children become professionals (Engineers, Doctors, etc.) is a good way to get into a better life. And they also think that being in a private school is good for personal connections because their children’s classmates will also have better life chances, networking etc. This is not an unproblematic arrangement but it is what it is. Source: 5 years of relating to parents as their child’s teacher.

—Tiong Ngee Derk, in a comment on the Pengenalan post on our Facebook page

4. Namun, persekolahan swasta mungkin membesarkan jurang antara mereka yang mampu membayar yuran sekolah swasta dan mereka yang kurang berada.
= However, private schooling may widen the gap between those who can afford private school fees and those who cannot.

Saya tidak sokong sebab sekolah swasta membesarkan jurang sosioekonomi antara golongan B40, M40 dan T20. Bukan sahaja kualiti pendidikan terjejas tetapi budaya negara kita akan berubah. Malangnya, masyarakat akan dipecahkan akibat budaya yang terlalu berbeza…itulah realitinya.

—Deborah C (‏@debdrizzle), dalam perbincangan Twitter @twt_pendidikan tentang sekolah swasta, 6 Nov 2019

… from a social aspect, if the trend [of growth in private schooling] continues, our communities may experience a higher level of social stratification. National schools will soon serve only the communities who cannot afford the fees, and this may create a bigger divide between the rich from the poor. …

—Jasmine Ong, in the Q&A

5. Oleh sebab itu, adalah penting untuk meyumbangkan usaha kita terhadap peningkatan kualiti di sekolah awam untuk kebaikan bersama.
= Accordingly, it is important to channel our efforts towards the improvement of public schools for our common good.

Saya rasa ia simbol middle class guna alasan hak memilih yg terbaik utk anak2. Praktikal? Ya. Tetapi adakah ini tindakan bermoral dlm hidup bermasyarakat? Peranan memperbaiki taraf sekolah awam adalah tanggungjawab bersama jika kita percaya pendidikan sebagai ‘public good’

—Aizuddin Mohamed Anuar‏ (@aizuddin_anuar), dalam perbincangan Twitter @twt_pendidikan tentang sekolah swasta, 6 Nov 2019

in a way, saya fikir pandangan ini juga terpakai utk golongan yg sama utk berlumba masukkan anak ke sbp & mrsm (dan ada yang mempersoalkan kelayakan b40 yg dpt masuk).

ya, lbh baik kita sbg parents fokus membantu memantapkan public school anak2 kita.

—NadHF (@nadrah_harith), apabila membalas tweet Aizuddin Mohamed Anuar, 6 Nov 2019

6. Di samping itu, kita harus mengasaskan sistem tertentu untuk menjamin kualiti sekolah swasta di negara kita.
= Additionally, we need to establish systems for ensuring the quality of our private schools.

At the surface level, I do believe that a stronger and more transparent inspection policy from the Ministry of Education needs to be put in place. This does not mean creating extra layers or stripping the autonomy from the schools. … Perhaps there’s a balance to strike? One that would have the schools engage their parents/community as their checkers instead of a statewide system.

—Jasmine Ong, in the Q&A post


Terima kasih kerana mengikuti perbincangan bulan ini tentang persekolahan swasta! Jemput lawati kami di Facebook. 🙂

= Thank you for taking part in this month’s discussion on private schooling! And don’t forget to visit us on Facebook. 🙂

 

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